meatball stew | kift'it gu shirwah

kift'it gu shirwah

A couple weeks ago, in early April, I spent the day at the beach with my friend, Anita. We spent the afternoon hanging and talking in between reading and grading midterm papers. It was surreal driving home and seeing no leaves on the trees after spending a beautiful, 85 degree, sunny day by the water. This week, the trees are greener, everything is in bloom, and it's almost grape leaf season. But this week, in the meantime, it's been pretty chilly and rainy, which is perfect weather for one last cozy stew, like kifteh'it gu shirwah.

kift'it gu shirwah
kift'it gu shirwah

While kift'it gu shirwah is more traditionally eaten in the fall, it is a lovely, warming dish to enjoy during these last few chilly days of spring. It's got lots of bright vegetables and a lovely, light tomato broth. It doesn't feel heavy like most winter stews, but it's super filling and hearty, in a healthy way. The meatballs are made of ground beef and uncooked rice, which braise and steam as the stew cooks. The rice add a lovely texture to the meatballs and all of the flavors meld together as the dish cooks. Kift'it gu shirwah is really similar to kubbat shorba, but instead of wheat (bulgur or semolina), we use rice in the meatballs, so it's a nice gluten-free alternative.

kift'it gu shirwah
kift'it gu shirwah
kift'it gu shirwah
kift'it gu shirwah

Kift'it gu Shirwah

yield: about 6 servings
total time: 50 minutes
active time: 25 minutes

more kifteh: kift'it tkhuma and kifteh bake

Tomato sauce

1 tablespoon unsalted butter *
1 tablespoon olive oil
1 medium onion, medium diced
2 14-ounce cans diced tomatoes
Salt and pepper to taste

  • Place a 4 to 8 quart stockpot over medium-low heat. Melt the butter in the olive oil and add the diced onion. Cook the onions, stirring every minute or two, for about 8 minutes until they lightly brown.

  • Add the diced tomatoes and salt and pepper to taste. Bring to a simmer, cover, reduce heat to low, and cook for about 12 minutes, until the tomatoes start to fall apart.


1 pound ground beef
1 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon pepper
1/2 cup minced light-green and white green onion parts (from about a bunch of green onions)
1/2 cup medium grain rice (e.g., Calrose)
1/2 cup packed minced parsley (from about 1/2 bunch)

  • While the tomatoes are cooking, prepare the meatballs: combine the ground beef, salt, pepper, minced green onions, short grain rice, and minced parsley. Shape the meatballs into about 25 small balls (about the size of ping pong balls).

Finishing the stew

3 tablespoons lemon juice (about 1 lemon)
2 cups boiling water
1 green bell pepper, large dice
2 small or 1 large unpeeled zucchini, large dice

  • Add the lemon juice to the diced tomatoes, return the heat to high, and simmer for 2 minutes.

  • Add the meatballs to the tomatoes, top with the 2 cups of boiling water, cover and simmer for 2 minutes without stirring.

  • Gently stir the meatballs, reduce heat to medium-low, and simmer for 10 minutes.

  • Gently stir the meatballs, cover with the bell pepper and zucchini, reduce heat to low, and cook for another 15 minutes. The dish is done when the vegetables are soft and the meat and rice have cooked through to the center of the meatballs.

  • Adjust the seasoning and serve. If you eat some left over the next day, you should stir about 2 to 3 tablespoons of additional water into each serving immediately before reheating (let it sit for about 2 minutes, stir, and then serve). The rice absorbs a lot of the moisture overnight.

* Substitute olive oil to make this dairy free.

kift'it gu shirwah

middle eastern pizzas | lahm bi ajeen


My cousin, Kris, spends all of his time creating beautiful things. He is a talented computer programmer and graphic designer, and he spends a lot of his free time making delicious food for the people he cares about. Kris' cooking is equal parts improvisation and precision; he uses his knowledge of food science and technique, but he's also an inventive and spontaneous cook. He's the type of person who can take random leftover ingredients from the refrigerator and make something new and delicious, but he's also always working on and perfecting his favorite dishes, like his recipe for lahm bi ajeen. He taught me how to make it a few weeks ago, and was kind enough to let me share his recipe with you.

Lahm bi ajeen (also transliterated as laham b’ajeen or called lahmajun or lahmajoun) is usually described as Middle Eastern meat pizza, but there are some ways that the comparison doesn't begin to do justice to lahm bi ajeen's unique flavor. Sure, each dish is thinly rolled dough baked with toppings on a hot stone, but instead of layering dough, tomato sauce, cheese, and toppings, you mix the tomato sauce in with the meat, you skip the cheese altogether, and you add a bunch of intensely flavorful ingredients, like pomegranate molasses/paste, parsley, and peppers. Pomegranate molasses is unbearably tart and cloying on its own, but it adds a really lovely sweet and sour flavor to ground beef. It's the true star of the recipe and simply can't be substituted.

You'll rarely (although not never!) find pomegranate molasses in the average American supermarket, but it's a staple of Middle Eastern grocery stores. It's also very easy to make yourself, if you can't find it near you, and as an added bonus, it makes the house smell dreamy while it reduces down. When I've made pomegranate molasses at home, it has never turned out quite as tangy as the stuff from the store, but it has its own interesting, subtle flavor. If all else fails, you can very easily find it online.

If you're worried about investing in a specialty ingredient that you'll only use one time for this one recipe, then I'm here to tell you that this has literally never been a problem anyone has ever had in the history of pomegranate molasses. There are a lot of traditional dishes that call for it, but it's also the kind of thing you can just throw in with your favorite recipe to make it a little extra-special. For instance, it's a wonderful simple syrup substitute in cocktails and mocktails, it works fabulously as part of a marinade for meat or veggies, and you can spoon it over or swirl it into just about any dessert. Any time you want some sweetness and tartness, it's the perfect thing.

Lahm Bi Ajeen

Yield: 8 small pies
Total time: between 4 and 26 hours (mostly letting the dough rise)

The dough

Kris' dough recipe is phenomenal, but if you don't have time and still want to make this recipe, feel free to use store-bought pizza dough. It won't be quite the same, but it'll still be delicious.

1 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast
1/2 teaspoon sugar
1 1/2 cups room temperature water, divided into 1 cup and 1/2 cup
12 ounces (2 cups) all purpose flour
5 ounces (1 cup) 00 flour (or substitute additional all purpose flour)
3/4 teaspoon salt

  • Proof the active dry yeast with the sugar and 1 cup of the water until the water looks a little foamy on top (about 5-10 minutes).

  • Add the all purpose flour, 00 flour, and salt to a bowl (the bowl of a stand mixer, if you plan to knead by machine).

  • Add the water/yeast/sugar mixture and stir until the dough starts to come together into a dry, shaggy mess.

  • Gradually add a little of the remaining 1/2 cup of water at a time, about 1 tablespoon at a time, until the whole thing comes into a dough ball. Do not use all of the water, unless you need it. If you use too much water, compensate with a little more flour; likewise, if the dough looks too dry, add a little more water and let it sit for a few minutes to absorb. The dough ball should not be too sticky or dry (somewhere in between is best). It should look a tiny bit firmer than store-bought pizza dough.

  • Knead until the dough ball passes the window pane test. It should come together into an elastic ball that has a smooth surface. Kneading should take about 5-15 minutes by machine with a dough hook, or 10-20 minutes by hand. Pay more attention to the dough's consistency than the time you've spent kneading.

  • Place the dough in a bowl, cover it, and let it sit at room temperature for 20 minutes, and then in the refrigerator overnight. If you don't have time to wait overnight, you can let it rise at room temperature for 1 1/2 to 2 hours (resting it in the refrigerator will help it develop a better flavor and texture).

The meat

1 pound 5 ounces lean, ground beef
2 1/2 tablespoons pomegranate paste/molasses (see ingredient note above the recipe)
2 tablespoons tomato paste
1 banana pepper, minced
1/4 cup chopped parsley, loosely packed
1/2 small onion, minced
3/4 teaspoon salt (plus more to taste, if you prefer)
1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper

  • Combine all ingredients, being careful not to over-mix.

Baking the pies

Additional flour, for sprinkling
Semolina or cornmeal, for sprinkling
Ground meat mixture
Risen dough
Finishing salt

  • Lightly flour a clean, food-safe work surface, use a knife or bench scraper to divide the dough into 8 equal pieces, and shape each chunk into a round ball.

  • Place a pizza stone (or sheet pan) on the oven floor, move the oven racks up and out of the way, so you can easily access the pizza stone, and pre-heat the oven to 500° F.

  • Roll each dough ball into a circle, about 1/8 inch thick. This is very thin, but not paper-thin (see above photos). To keep the round shape, rotate the disc about 90 degrees after each time you roll it out, and be sure to re-flour the surface every so often. Separate the discs with wax paper and let them rise for about 25 minutes.

  • Divide the ground meat mixture into about 8 equal pieces.

  • Sprinkle a pizza peel (or rimless sheet pan) with a tablespoon or two of semolina or cornmeal.

  • Place a rolled-out disc of dough on the semolina/cornmeal.

  • Put one of the pieces of meat on top of the dough disc. Work the meat into a thin, even layer over the dough, so that it doesn’t separate from the crust and shrink to the center as it cooks. Sprinkle with a little additional salt, if you'd like.

  • Once the oven has preheated, use a quick motion to move the pie from the pizza peel onto the pizza stone. Cook for about 5 minutes, until the meat starts to brown and the bread is cooked through and starting to char. The dough should be crispy and chewy, like really good brick oven pizza.

  • Repeat with the remaining 7 pies.